Return to Title IV (R2T4) PolicyTitle IV (federal) financial aid funds are awarded under the assumption that a student will remain enrolled and attending for the entire period for which the funds were awarded.
When a student withdraws from one or all courses, regardless of the reason, s/he may no longer be eligible for the full amount of federal funds originally awarded and/or disbursed. The return of funds to the federal government is based on the premise that a student earns financial aid in proportion to the length of time during which s/he remains enrolled and attending. A pro-rated schedule determines the amount of federal student aid funds s/he will have earned at the time of full withdrawal. All students are subject to this process prior to the completion of 60% of the coursework.
Course drop during refund period
Any courses dropped within the refund period of the semester are not eligible for financial aid payment unless the student has withdrawn from all courses. During the fall and spring semesters, the refund period is the first three weeks of the semester. If the student is enrolled in a late-starting part of term course, contact the Enrollment Services for more information on refund dates and deadlines for nontraditional courses.
If the Financial Aid office learns, at any time, that a student never attended a class, the Financial Aid office is required to cancel financial aid for that class. The student will be obligated to re-pay any balance due to the college as a result of the cancellation of this aid.
Withdraw from courses prior to disbursement
Students begin earning financial aid from the first day of courses. If a student withdraws from classes prior to receiving their financial aid disbursement it is possible that the institution would owe the student a post-withdrawal disbursement. Post withdrawal disbursements are rare and occur in limited situations as described below.
- When a student’s file was selected for verification and there is a delay in processing. If the student falls into this situation, be aware that the Financial Aid office has 120 days from the date of the student’s withdrawal to make a payment towards the file based on the R2T4 calculation. Students are encouraged to submit any missing paperwork as soon as possible to ensure they receive the amount of federal aid earned within the deadline. After 120 days from the student’s withdrawal date, the Financial Aid office is prohibited from disbursing aid for that period.
- If the student drops all courses within the first month of classes prior to financial aid disbursing. If the student’s file is complete and eligible for payment, our office has 45 days from the date of withdrawal to complete a post withdrawal disbursement for aid earned based on the R2T4 calculation.
In the event the student is eligible for a post withdrawal disbursement of a Pell grant, CCBC financial aid will authorize the funds to the student’s account. If the student is eligible for a post withdrawal disbursement of a Direct Loan, the College will email and mail the student a letter instructing them on next steps if they wish to receive the loan funding. All disbursements will be applied to the student’s account to pay towards any balance owed to the College. Any remaining excess funds will be disbursed to the student via either check in the mail or direct deposit.
Official withdraw or stop attending (unofficial withdrawal)
The Financial Aid office suggests that students talk to an academic adviser and the Financial Aid office before withdrawing from classes. Students may also want to consider contacting Student Support Services for tutoring to help achieve success in their courses.
Modular coursework, Winter/Spring, and Summer sessions
The Financial aid disbursement is based on the payment period for the courses the student was enrolled in at the time of enrollment lock. Regardless of whether the student completes the first modular course; if the student subsequently withdraws, stops attending, or fails to start all modules that aid was received (or expected) for, the student may be subject to a R2T4 calculation.
When a withdrawn student returns within a payment period
All F grades at end of semester
To make this determination of whether the F grades are earned or unearned, the Financial Aid office will rely on a combination of the institution’s grading policy, faculty reported last date of attendance, and/or other college information as appropriate. For more information on CCBC’s grading policy, view the college catalog.
All unearned financial aid will be returned either to the Department of Education or, in the case of loans, the lender. The student will receive a bill for any unpaid tuition, fees and book charges on their account that is created by the return of funds.
"The Financial Aid office is required by federal statute to recalculate federal financial aid eligibility for students who withdraw, drop out, are dismissed, or take a leave of absence prior to completing 60% of a payment period or term. The federal Title IV financial aid programs must be recalculated in these situations.”
If a student leaves the institution prior to completing 60% of a payment period or term, the financial aid office recalculates eligibility for Title IV funds. Recalculation is based on the percentage of earned aid using the following Federal Return of Title IV funds formula:
- Percentage of payment period or term completed = the number of days completed up to the withdrawal date divided by the total days in the payment period or term. (Any break of five days or more is not counted as part of the days in the term.) This percentage is also the percentage of earned aid.
Funds are returned to the appropriate federal program based on the percentage of unearned aid using the following formula:
- Aid to be returned = (100% of the aid that could be disbursed minus the percentage of earned aid) multiplied by the total amount of aid that could have been disbursed during the payment period or term.
If a student earned less aid than was disbursed, the institution would be required to return a portion of the funds and the student would be required to return a portion of the funds. Keep in mind that when Title IV funds are returned, the student borrower may owe a debit balance to the institution.
The institution must return the amount of Title IV funds for which it is responsible no later than 30 days after the date of the determination of the date of the student's withdrawal.
Order of Return
Returns are allocated in the following order based on the R2T4 calculation:
- Unsubsidized Federal Direct Stafford Loans
- Subsidized Federal Direct Stafford Loans
- Federal Parent (PLUS) Loans
- Federal Pell Grants
- Federal Supplemental Opportunity Grants
- Other assistance under this Title for which a return of funds is required (e.g., LEAP)